On 1 st October 2018, the ministry of environment headed by Dr. Yasmine Fouad, the minister of environment, will hold a press conference in the presence of Dr. Cristiana Paşca Palmer, the Executive Secretary of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity, for Conference of Parties (COP 14) elaboration from technical and logistic sides.
In November 2018, from the 13 th to the 29 th, the Arab Republic of Egypt will host the 14th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP 14), in Sharm El sheikh as the first African and pan-Arab country to host this event. The conference is one of the largest UN conferences on biodiversity under the theme “Investing in biodiversity for people and planet”, consequently it will lead to enhance our cooperation to stop degradation of biodiversity worldwide, and the contribution to achieve the convention’s objectives.
The United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity is a multilateral treaty that includes 196 states at the international level, as well as it is the first global convention to conserve the biodiversity and its sustainable use.
This convention received the fast acceptance on a large scale as one of the conventions derived from the Earth Summit’s meeting where it took place in Rio de Janeiro held in 1992, Brazil. It held under the auspices of the United Nations which targeted linkage between environment and development. This convention is legally binding and shall abide by the states that join it to implement its provisions.
The Convention on Biological Diversity aims to achieve 3 main objectives:
1- The conservation of biological diversity
2- The sustainable use of its components
3- The fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources.
Through establishing and adopting national strategies to conserve and sustainable use of biodiversity, whereas this convention is an essential document to achieve the objectives of sustainable development.
In 1992, Egypt has signed the convention and continued to ratify the same at the time of its coming into force in 1994, as well as Egypt have participated in all relevant conferences.
The convention will discuss the protection and management of all ecosystem, types and genetic resources, affirming the conversation of biodiversity is a common human interest, also it is a part and parcel of development.
Whereas Egypt is fully aware of the importance of biodiversity, it succeeded to host the conference that conduct to enhance cooperation in order to stop the degradation of biodiversity worldwide. Further, it will be a great opportunity for raising awareness on biodiversity between peoples and communities in the region, accordingly achieve the objectives of the convention.
The conference is a good opportunity to display Egypt’s great interest in sustainable development issues through concepts’ integration of biodiversity in different developmental sectors. Beside that creating the chance to pump more investments in biodiversity and creative solutions to protect it and the natural protected area throughout the course of the large exhibition to be organized during the conference period.
It is important to mention the concept of biodiversity that includes all life on the earth where the human is a part thereof, completely depending thereon in all vital activities. It includes various human beings in all forms; fauna , flora, and tiny creatures (microbes). Furthermore, genetic differences in every type as well as various ecological systems as the same existing in the deserts, the forests, the wet lands, mountains, lakes, rivers and agricultural land.
The biodiversity shall be to mean the natural renewable wealth which should be protected. Moreover, it is the essence of all life activities such as agriculture, industry, health, economy and tourism. The biodiversity provides all services we cannot live without as the oxygen we breath, water cycle, plants pollination, soil fertility, pollution and diseases control as well as mitigation of natural disasters, preserve the genetic resources and other bioprocesses in which human depend thereon.